The judicial investigation is continuing, and no trial is expected for at least a year.
The killing in a northern Paris suburb has had lasting effects, in part because France views schools as hallowed ground, places where citizens are forged through learning the right to question everything, accept differences, believe in God or not, and place the values of the republic above those of their particular ethnic or religious identity.
A front-page banner headline on Thursday in the French daily newspaper Le Monde — “Paty: A Lasting Trauma” — captured a sense of shock that has not entirely abated. A Samuel Paty Square in the Fifth Arrondissement of Paris will be inaugurated on Saturday.
That sense of shock was reflected on Friday as Mr. Paty’s death was commemorated across the country. A group of imams from the Grand Mosque in Paris laid a wreath outside the school where Mr. Paty had taught in Conflans-St.-Honorine.
The tensions in French society that led to the killing, however, were evident in the fact that the Education Ministry gave teachers the option of holding a debate on the beheading if they believed a minute of silence would be interrupted by heckling.
The killing of Mr. Paty by an 18-year-old Chechen refugee, Abdouallakh Anzorov, who was shot dead by the police, has intensified debate on security and immigration, radicalized politics in the run-up to the presidential election next year and prompted intense scrutiny of the French secular model known as laïcité.