A health pass is also required to sit in restaurants, bars and cafes, to enter cultural venues such as museums, theaters and concert halls, and to attend sports events. And similar measures are in place in Austria, Cyprus, the Netherlands and Portugal, while in Belgium the Brussels region began enforcing a “Covid Safe Ticket” on Friday.
Germany and Greece also require a health pass for hospitality settings.
The requirements have drawn some opposition, including large protests this summer in France, where anti-vaccine sentiments run high. But millions of residents have since gotten vaccinated after the announcement, and public opposition has dwindled.
As vaccination rates have risen, other E.U. countries have lifted such mandates. Portugal, where 86 percent of people are fully vaccinated, lifted the requirements for a digital certificate or a negative test to dine in restaurants this month. In Denmark, where 75 percent of people are fully vaccinated, the authorities stopped requiring a Covid pass in nightclubs last month.
The picture is starkly different farther east. Despite rising new cases, hospitalizations and deaths, most Eastern European nations do not require Covid-19 certificates to enter public places.
Most governments in the region almost entirely relaxed their coronavirus restrictions this summer, and there is little expectation that they will introduce new measures amid fears of a backlash from a frustrated public.