The police are investigating a complex plot that they say stretches across several countries and revolves around a little-known doctor and pastor, Christian Emmanuel Sanon, who was born in Haiti and lives in Florida. Officials say he conspired to kill the president and seize power.
But none of the detained suspects appear to have had the means to finance the plot — or the ability to take power after the president’s death. That has left many questions unanswered.
In the meantime, a political rift that began in the later years of Mr. Moïse’s presidency has worsened since his assassination. It has cleaved the Haitian leadership, brought further instability to a country that facies a series of crises and threatened the integrity of the investigation into his death.
Haiti’s cabinet is now split between allies of Mr. Moïse and those of his predecessor, Michel Martelly, who is the expected front-runner in the next presidential election.
The Assassination of Haiti’s President
Mr. Martelly tapped Mr. Moïse to succeed him as president in 2015, plucking him from political obscurity. But officials close to Mr. Moïse said the relationship between the two men had grown increasingly tense, with Mr. Martelly angry at Mr. Moïse for not openly endorsing him for the next elections.
In the weeks before the president’s death, Mr. Martelly pressured Mr. Moïse to shake up his cabinet, appointing new ministers and Mr. Henry as prime minister, according to an international diplomat and officials close to the deceased president.
But Mr. Moïse insisted on keeping several officials in key positions, including the justice and finance ministers and the state prosecutor, who are now trying to push forward the murder investigation.