Russia allows online voting, and numerous companies have arranged for employees to vote on computers set up by the human resources departments.
Critics say this intimidates voters by potentially making their choices known to their bosses.
Regulating the Internet
This summer, the authorities banned about four dozen websites affiliated with Mr. Navalny’s movement that were promoting his voting guide for the elections. The strategy, which he calls smart voting, essentially involves having opposition voters coalesce around the strongest anti-Kremin candidate in each race.
Subtler approaches have also surfaced. Recently, in what critics call an effort to thwart Russians’ ability to find Mr. Navalny’s voting guide through internet searches, a company in southern Russia that sells wool registered “smart voting” as a commercial trademark.
It then sued Google and Yandex, a Russian search engine, charging that they had violated its trademark rights and demanding that they block sites showing Mr. Navalny’s voting guides. A Russian court quickly ruled in the company’s favor.
Yandex has complied, but Google has not.
A high-stakes cat-and-mouse game has sprung up as the “non-systemic” opposition has sought to subvert the government’s tactics.